Journal editors should consider retracting a publication if:

  • they have clear evidence that the findings are unreliable, either as a result of misconduct (e.g. data fabri-cation) or honest error (e.g. miscalculation or experimental error)
  • the findings have previously been published elsewhere without proper crossreferencing, permission orjustification (i.e. cases of redundant publication)
  • it constitutes plagiarism
  • it reports unethical research

Retraction Guidelines (The Committee on Publication Ethics — COPE) >>

Retraction note